Niamey Niger History
The Niger as we know it has a layer upon layer of history, from its origins to its present location. The first European explorers came to the area in the 17th century to search for the mouth of the Niger. Europeans came to this area to explore the southern part of Africa's largest river basin, the Sahara, in search of its source.
The French moved their colonial capital to Niamey to facilitate the expansion of their trade in the region and the development of the country as a commercial centre. Niger remained predominantly rural until the mid-19th century, with a growing migration of house traders and Yoruba from neighboring Nigeria. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Niamesy continued to grow, attracting both the Husa and Yorubas and merchants to the largest and most populous country in Africa, Niger.
Niger has one of the largest uranium deposits in the world and the Lake Chad region has a small amount. Subsistence crops and livestock farming are an important part of this economy, as are the Niger and its tributaries, the Niamey River.
The land of Niger is agriculturally usable, with most of the land irrigated by the Niamey River and its tributaries, as well as by Niger.
Located in the heart of West Africa, Niger borders on Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso and Mali to the south and borders on N'E. It is surrounded by Niger, Niamey and its tributaries, Senegal, Mali and Ivory Coast. Niger has a population of about 1.5 million people and an average annual income of $1.5 million per year.
Niger flows through the extreme west of the country, including the capital Niamey, and Lake Chad is located to the south and east.
In 2004, from September to March, Niger was the second largest river in the world after the Mississippi and the third largest in Africa. From mid-December to March, it is the largest source of drinking water for the entire African continent with a total volume of 1.5 billion cubic metres.
Niger's economy is subsistence and livestock farming, and there is no large-scale commercial fishing. Niger has the largest uranium reserves in the world and its economy is dependent on oil and gas production. Fishing is the main source of income for the Niger population and Africa's second largest after the United States.
Niger has a breathtaking natural beauty, especially the mountain ranges in the north of the country, and is also home to some of the most beautiful mountains in Africa, which are home to a rich diversity of flora and fauna, as well as a large number of birds and animals.
The largest ethnic groups in Niger are the Hausa, who are also the largest ethnic group in northern Nigeria, and the Djerma and Songhai, which are also found in parts of Mali but are concentrated in the southwest. The Baha'is are very active and have over 1.5 million inhabitants, most of them along the Niger River, which borders Burkina Faso. In the north they are also to be found on the border with Mali and Senegal and in the north - west and south - in the east of Mali.
The Dendi, who live on the border between Niger and Benin, are essentially the descendants of the Songhai, who resisted the Moroccan conquest of the central Son Shanghai Gao in the late 19th century.
Meanwhile, the Kanuri established the centuries-old Bornu Empire in the east of what is now Niger - the old Kanem Empire, which is centered in what is now Chad. In the 14th century, the Hausa founded what is now the Republic of Niger and later the Niger Delta.
In the 15th century, the Songhai Empire expanded into Niger and reached Agadez before collapsing in 1591. Niger was an important economic hub, and the Mali empire in the west controlled parts of what is now Niger. The Hausa claimed control of part of the area in the 16th and 17th centuries with the help of the Kanuri. In the 14th century they founded what is now the Republic of Niger and later the Niger Delta.
French Soudan was given various other names before Niger was finally declared a French colony in West Africa in 1922, as colonies of French West African origin.
From 1932 to 1947, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso) was jointly administered by Niger, but for budgetary reasons both Niger and Senegal. Between 1932 and 1947, the Upper Volta, now Burkinabe, and the West African Democratic Republic of Congo were jointly administered by Niger for fiscal reasons.
The Bornu Empire was divided in the Second World War between Great Britain, France and Germany, with Great Britain and France being the dominant powers. A notable event was the founding of the Development Liaison and Extension Bureau (BALD), which was founded in 1984. The Caritas Developpement Niger (CADEV) in Niger, founded by the Bishops of Niger, who wanted to restructure the former Carita Niger, which was recognized as Niger in 1962, and SIM, which had founded churches throughout Niger. Small commercial banks operating in 2001 included the National Bank of Nigeria (NBN), the Nigerian Bank for Economic Development (NBED) and the country's largest bank by assets.